Saturday, March 24, 2012
Aquaculture Research, Article first published online: 15 MAR 2012
The present study investigated the effects of propolis and vitamin E supplementation in diets of juvenile rainbow trout subjected to two different flow rates (0.9 and 2.1 L min−1) on growth performance, and vitamin A, C and E concentrations in tissues as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) levels.
Juvenile rainbow trout were fed with diets containing 10 and 30 g propolis kg−1, 60 mg kg−1 vitamin E (Rovimix E-50 adsorbate; min.%50 dl-α-tokopherly acetate) and without supplemented basal diet for 12 weeks.
Weight gain (WG) in the C group was significantly lower than P10, P30 and E60 groups at both flow rate treatments. At 2.1 L min−1, specific growth rate (SGR) in the C group was significantly lower than other groups, but at 0.9 L min−1, SGR of fish did not differ among the diets groups. Survival rate (SUR) was higher in propolis and vitamin E supplemented diet groups than control diet group at 0.9 L min−1.
Fish fed on diet E60 had higher tissue vitamin E concentration than fishes fed on other diets groups. Vitamin C concentration in rainbow trout tissues was significantly affected by the 30 g propolis supplemented diet group, followed by the 10 g propolis supplemented diet group. MDA level of E60 group was found significantly decreased instead of different than other groups.
The results of Student's t-test revealed that WG, SGR, SUR values, vitamin (A, C, E) concentrations and MDA levels of tissues were negatively affected by 0.9 L min−1flow rate treatment in juvenile rainbow trout.