New Method Developed to Determine Royal Jelly Amino Acids and Authenticity
Development of a simple analytical method using capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry for product identification and simultaneous determination of free amino acids in dietary supplements containing royal jelly
Volume 30, Issue 1, May 2013, Pages 47–51
A simple capillary electrophoresis-tandem mass spectrometry (CE-MS/MS) method was developed for the analysis of free amino acids in commercial royal jelly (RJ) products containing various kinds of matrices. This method required no concentration step for sample preparation, and all 16 amino acids were determined without derivatization. The CE separation was achieved in an uncoated fused-silica capillary using a 1 M formic acid solution (pH 1.8) as the electrolyte, followed by MS/MS detection after mixing with a sheath liquid comprising 50% (v/v) methanol. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.61 to 10.5 μg (dry weight)/g for each amino acid. The recoveries for tablets, liquid drinks, and raw materials ranged from 88.3 to 108.6%, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were within 10%. The method was applied to 17 commercial RJ products, and the results were compared to those for honey. The relative proportions of free amino acids were specific for each RJ product, and the method was found to be useful in distinguishing not only among the different RJ products but also between RJ and honey.
► CE-MS/MS method developed for RJ products to determine amino acids and authenticity. ► This method required no concentration step to prepare the samples. ► All 16 amino acids were determined without derivatization. ► The method was useful for distinguishing between RJ and honey.