Antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of propolis in “Alheira”, a fermented meat sausage
Rapid Communication | Food Science & Technology
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an ethanolic extract of propolis (EEP) in the control of Listeria innocua PHLS 2030c (as a surrogate for Listeria monocytogenes) during storage of Alheira at 4 °C.
Total phenolic content was evaluated to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration of EEP against the growth of L. innocua by the agar dilution method. Alheiras were manufactured by incorporating EEP (0.28 mg/mL) and pathogenic bacteria and storage during 62 days at 4 °C. Growth of L. innocua was determined during storage. The behaviour of L. innocua in the food matrix was significantly affected (P < 0.01) by the addition of EEP. The ethanolic extract of propolis reduced the Listeria population to below the detection limit of the technique after 8 days of storage.
These results suggest that incorporation of EEP in a food susceptible to Listeria contamination may be an interesting alternative to existing chemical preservatives and can extend the shelf life of these products.