Thursday, February 14, 2019

Honey-Mediated Wound Healing

H₂O₂ Entry through AQP3 Determines Extracellular Ca2+ Influx

Int J Mol Sci. 2019 Feb 11;20(3). pii: E764

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Since Biblical times, honey has been utilized in "folk medicine", and in recent decades the positive qualities of honey have been re-discovered and are gaining acceptance. Scientific literature states that honey has been successfully utilized on infections not responding to classic antiseptic and antibiotic therapy, because of its intrinsic H₂O₂ production.

In our study, we demonstrated the involvement of H₂O₂ as a main mediator of honey regenerative effects on an immortalized human keratinocyte cell line. We observed that this extracellularly released H₂O₂ could pass across the plasma membrane through a specific aquaporin (i.e., AQP3). Once in the cytoplasm H₂O₂, in turn, induces the entry of extracellular Ca2+ through Melastatin Transient Receptor Potential 2 (TRPM2) and Orai1 channels. Honey-induced extracellular Ca2+ entry results in wound healing, which is consistent with the role played by Ca2+ signaling in tissue regeneration.

This is the first report showing that honey exposure increases intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), due to H₂O₂ production and redox regulation of Ca2+-permeable ion channels, opening up a new horizon for the utilization of the honey as a beneficial tool.

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