Sunday, April 08, 2018

Bee Pollen Extract Lowers Cholesterol, Level of Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL)

Protective Effect of Polyphenol-Rich Extract from Bee Pollen in a High-Fat Diet

Molecules. 2018 Mar 31;23(4)

We have studied a preventive effect of polyphenol-rich bee pollen ethanol extract (EEP) against histological changes in the liver and cardiac blood vessels, abnormalities of lipid profile, and the levels of oxidized low density lipoproteins (ox-LDL), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and angiotensin II (ANG II) caused by a high-fat diet in C57BL₆ mice.

Supplementing the diet with EEP in the doses of 0.1 g/kg body mass (BM) and 1 g/kg BM resulted in a decrease of total cholesterol by 31% and 35%, respectively. It also decreased the level of low density lipoproteins by 67% and 90%, respectively. No differences in the levels of high density lipoprotein and triacylglycerols were observed. EEP reduced the level of ox-LDL by 33% and 47%, ADMA by 13% and 51%, ACE by 17% and 30%, as well as ANG II by 11% and 15% in a dose-dependent manner, which proves a protective effect of EEP in a high-fat diet. EEP reduces and/or prevents hepatic steatosis and degenerative changes caused by a high-fat diet in C57BL₆ mice, which indicates its hepatoprotective effect.

EEP used with standard feed does not disturb a normal concentration of the assayed parameters.

No comments: