Friday, March 27, 2009

Study Looks at Antibacterial Contaminants in Royal Jelly

Simultaneous Determination of Seven Fluoroquinolones in Royal Jelly by Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction and Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection
Source J Sep Sci, 2009 Mar 20; 32(7):955-964

A method for the quantitative determination of seven fluoroquinolone antibacterial agents (FQs) used in beekeeping, viz. ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, pefloxacin, danofloxacin, enrofloxacin, and difloxacin, in royal jelly samples was developed on the basis of high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.

A total of 57 real royal jelly samples collected from beekeepers and supermarkets were analyzed. The three most abundant honeybee-use FQs, i. e. ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and norfloxacin, were determined in some royal jelly samples in concentrations ranging from 11.9 to 55.6 ng/g.

Unexpectedly, however, difloxacin was found at concentrations of about 46.8 ng/g in one sample although it is rarely used in beekeeping. The presented method was successfully applied to quantify FQs in real royal jelly samples.

No comments: