Thursday, January 21, 2010

Bee Venom Shows Anti-Tumor Properties

Melittin Suppresses PMA-Induced Tumor Cell Invasion by Inhibiting NF-kappaB and AP-1-Dependent MMP-9 Expression Mol Cells, 2010 Jan 12

Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells.

In this study, we examined the inhibitory effect of bee venom (BV) and its major peptides, melittin and apamin, on PMA-induced invasion induced by MMP-9 expression in Caki-1 renal cancer cells.

BV and melittin, but not apamin, significantly suppressed PMA-induced invasion by inhibiting MMP-9 expression in Caki-1 cells. Furthermore, as evidenced by MMP-9 promoter assays, melittin inhibited MMP-9 gene expression by blocking the PMA-stimulated activations of activator protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB).

In addition, melittin suppressed the PMA-induced phosphorylations of ERK and JNK mitogenactivated protein kinases, upstream factors involved in Ap-1 and NF-kappaB.

These results suggest that the suppression of MMP-9 expression contributes to the anti-tumor properties of melittin.

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